“Inside information is not a private commodity”: negligent disclosure leads to £80k personal fine for NED

15 August 2022

The FCA has fined a former non-executive director (NED) £80,000 for negligently disclosing inside information to senior individuals at two of the company’s major shareholders. The disclosures concerned an expected RNS announcement relating to a revision to the company’s financial guidance and the retirement of the CEO.

The FCA found that the NED (who held the position of Chair at the relevant company) unlawfully disclosed inside information, notwithstanding that:

  • he received no direct financial benefit from the disclosures;
  • he had no intention to gain from the disclosures and believed he was acting in the best interests of the company;
  • the disclosures had no adverse effect on the market or significant impact on the company’s share price;
  • at the time of disclosures, the company had not yet classified the information as “inside information”, as it had been advised to seek further information so as to make an announcement;
  • one of the company’s brokers and a member of the Board had been informed in advance that the NED was intending to disclose the information to shareholders and they did not advise him against making the disclosures; and
  • the company had imposed no-dealing restrictions on one of the shareholders, and the individual had imposed similar restrictions on the senior individuals to whom he disclosed the information.

The FCA concluded that the NED’s conduct was negligent, appearing to accept his explanation that he did not realise that the information he disclosed was inside information.

The FCA emphasised that, as a prominent and experienced industry professional who held a senior position within the company, the NED should have realised that the relevant information constituted inside information and that it was not in the normal exercise of his employment, profession or duties to disclose it selectively to two shareholders but not to others.

The FCA commented: "Inside information is not a private commodity for those with privileged access to it. The law requires inside information to be disclosed properly and not to major shareholders or others in advance of announcements, as in this case.”

This is an important reminder that market abuse can be committed negligently, not just deliberately, and that seeking to act in the best interests of a company will not excuse an individual’s actions or protect them from potential personal liability.

Directors of listed companies must take formal advice before disclosing any confidential information to shareholders and consider the market abuse restrictions accordingly.

Further information on the FCA’s Final Notice is contained in our latest Corporate Law Update.

Inside information is not a private commodity for those with privileged access to it.